To address major issues of the essay it is necessary to distinguish the basic concepts used in the course of work.
Psychoanalysis (from Greek. Psyche-soul, and analysis-decision) - part of psychotherapy, medical research method developed by Sigmund Freud for the diagnosis and treatment of hysteria. He was then reworked by Freud's psychological doctrine, aimed at studying the hidden connections and the foundations of human mental life. This doctrine is based on the assumption that a certain set of pathological ideas, especially sexual, are "ousted" from the sphere of consciousness and has been operating from the sphere of the unconscious (which is thought as an area of domination of sexual desires) and under various masks and vestments penetrates the consciousness and threatens the spiritual unity I included in the world around him. In the action, such repressed "complexes" blamed forgetfulness, reservations, dreams and false deeds, neuroses (hysteria), and the treatment they tried to conduct such a way that during a conversation ("analysis") could easily cause these complexes from the depths of the unconscious and to eliminate them (through interviews or appropriate action), namely, to give them a chance to respond. Proponents of psychoanalysis are credited with sexual ("libido"), a central role in treating human mental life in general, as the scope of the rule of unconscious sexual desires for pleasure or displeasure.

psychoanalysis - as a method of psychotherapy;
psychoanalysis - as a method of studying the psychology of personality;
psychoanalysis - as a system of scientific knowledge on the attitudes, psychology and philosophy.
Having considered the basic psychological meaning of psychoanalysis, we shall henceforth refer to it as world vision system.
As a result of creative evolution, Freud considers the organization of mental life as a model that has its components different psychic instance of the term: It (the id), I (ego) and the super-ego (superego).
It is inherently irrational and immoral. It must satisfy the requirements of the instance I (ego).
Ego - to the principle of reality, producing a number of mechanisms to adapt to the environment, to cope with its requirements.
Ego is a mediator between stimuli, reaching as that of the medium and from the depths of the body, on the one hand, and the response on the other motor responses. The functions of the ego are self-preservation of the body, the seal of the experiences of external influences in memory, avoiding threatening impacts, control over the requirements of the instincts (emanating from the id).
Particular importance was attached to the super-ego (superego), which serves as a source of moral and religious feelings, the controlling agent and punishable. If id is predetermined genetically, but I is a product of individual experience, then the super-ego is a product of influences emanating from other people. The superego is formed through the mechanism of identification with the child's father, who serves as a model for him. If I (ego) will make a decision or take an action in favor of It (id), but in contrast to the super-ego (superego), it suffers the penalty of ephors conscience, feelings of guilt. The way super-I draws its energy from the id, the same way super-I is often over-acting violently, even sadistically. Because of the stress experienced by the pressure of various forces, I (ego) is saved with the help of special "defense mechanisms''- repression, rationalization, regression, sublimation, displacement and others. Repression means involuntary removal from the consciousness of feelings, thoughts and aspirations into action. Regression - not slipping more primitive level of behavior or thought. Sublimation - one of the mechanisms by which the taboo sexual energy by moving to non-sexual objects, is discharged in the form of acceptable to the individual and society. A variety of sublimation is creativity.


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